Basic Emergency Plan

  • Decide what you and your family would do in each potential emergency situation.
  • Draw a floor plan of your home showing escape routes.
  • Choose a place away from your neighborhood where family members can meet in case you are separated and cannot return home due to a disaster.
  • Identify a friend or relative who lives out of the area for family members to contact if you are separated.
  • Post emergency numbers.
  • Know how to shut of the water, gas and electricity at the main switches in your home.
  • Plan how to help elderly or disabled neighbors in a disaster.
  • Check that your insurance policies are up-to-date and provide good coverage.

Disaster Supply Kit


  • Pack at least one gallon per person per day for at least three days.
  • Store water in tightly sealed, non-breakable plastic, fiberglass or enamel-lined metal containers.
  • Change your water every six months.


  • Pack enough food to last each family member at least three days.
  • Include canned and boxed foods because they require little preparation and stay good for long periods of time. Remember to bring a manual can opener or to buy food in self-opening cans.
  • Pack foods in sealed metal or plastic containers.
  • Replace foods every six months.
  • Include foods for infants and family members with special diets.

Tools and Equipment

  • Battery-powered radio, Flashlights, Spare batteries, Washcloths and towels, Toiletries, Change of clothing and extra shoes, Blankets or a sleeping bag for each person.

Personal Items

  • Personal identification.
  • Copies of birth and marriage certificates, inventory of household goods, bank account numbers and other important documents.
  • Maps, Extra car and house keys.
  • Prescription medications.


  • Pets should not be left behind during a disaster, but do not risk your own safety attempting to find them if you must evacuate quickly.
  • Attach ID tags to your pet with your name and address.
  • Remember that most emergency shelters do not allow pets (except service animals).
  • Make a list of pet shelters and of hotels that permit animals in the area you would evacuate to.
  • Put together an emergency kit for your pet. Include things like first aid kit, food dishes, a litter box, a leash or pet carrier, medication, food, veterinary records and water.